Chii chinonzi Properties uye kushandiswa kweklorini rabha?

Properties:
Avhareji yehama molecular huremu hwe chlorinated rabha i5000 kusvika 20000. The tensile simba re unplasticized chlorinated rabha yakakwirira zvikuru kunyange kana deformation speed yakaderera, inosvika 39.24 MPa, asi hukama elongation yakaderera zvakanyanya.Simba replasticized chlorinated rabha rine hukama nemhando yeplasticizer uye dhigirii repurasitiki.Kufanana nemamwe mapolymers ane chlorinated, mapolima ane chlorinated ane kugadzikana kwemakemikari.Tichifunga nezvekuti chlorinated rabha haisati yashandiswa pasina kuwedzera plasticizer, kugadzikana kwekemikari yefirimu rayo, sekuita kwesimba, kunoenderana nerudzi uye huwandu hweplasticizer, colorant, filler uye stabilizer (firimu rinogadzirwa ne chlorinated rabha. iyo yega yakasimba uye ine brittle, uye nekuti firimu rakagadzirwa rakatetepa kwazvo, iyi polymer isina purasitiki inoshandiswa chete kugadzira inki yekudhinda).Chlorinated rubber, kufanana nemapolymers akawanda ane chlorinated, inowanzoita gel pasi pemamiriro asina kukodzera kana pasina plasticizer yakawedzerwa.Iyo nzira yekugadzira gel yakaoma kwazvo uye ine hukama nerudzi rweanosanganisa agent yakawedzerwa.Iyo yakajairika ndeye dehydrochlorination reaction ine autocatalytic properties, iyo inotungamira mukuyambuka uye kuumbwa kwegel.Mazhinji ma stabilizer anoita senge acid inonyudza uye anogona kudzivirira autocatalytic reactions.Chlorinated rubber inogona kushandiswa nemhando dzakasiyana-siyana dzekugadzira kana dzechisikigo resin uye rabha.Kana yakashandiswa neresin, kuoma uye kupfeka kuramba kwezvigadzirwa zvinogona kuvandudzwa mune dzakawanda zviitiko.Izvi zvinonyanya kukosha kune coatings uye adhesives.Nekuti inoda yakakwira creep resistance.

Kushandisa:
Chlorinated rabha haishandiswe zvishoma kune extrusion kana kuumba zvigadzirwa.Chinangwa chayo chikuru ndechekupatsanura mhando dzakasiyana zvichienderana nehuremu hwemamorekuru kana viscosity.Inokodzera ingi, majasi uye adhesives.Kazhinji, low viscosity (0.01pa • s) zvigadzirwa zvinonyanya kushandiswa kune inki additives;Medium viscosity (0.01 ~ 0.03pa • s) zvigadzirwa zvinonyanya kushandiswa kugadzira machira;High viscosity (0.1t ~ 0.3pa • s) zvigadzirwa zvinonyanya kushandiswa kugadzira zvinonamira.Zvinoenderana neiyo chaiyo yekushandisa kumba nekune dzimwe nyika, ivo vanonyanya kushandiswa kune yepakati viscosity zvigadzirwa zvemajasi.Panyaya yekuputira, iwo makuru ekushandisa minda inzira yekumaka pendi, pendi yengarava, pendi yemidziyo, pendi yekuvaka, pendi yedhamu rekushambira, pendi inodzosa moto, nezvimwe.
Pendi yekumaka pendi, inozivikanwawo sependi yekumaka pendi, inzvimbo yakakosha yekushandisa ye chlorinated rabha.Iyo yekupfekedza yakavakirwa pane chlorinated rabha haipfeki, inokurumidza kuomesa uye inobata maziso pakongiri uye asphalt pavement.Vane maitiro akanaka ekunamatira uye vanogona kumira kushanda kwemakemikari uye mabrasives anoshandiswa kana achigara mumazuva echando uye kana pane chando chakatetepa pasi.MuBritain, zvakanzi nhandare dzendege dzinofanira kuiswa chiratidzo cherabha ine chlorine.
Mukuwedzera, nekuda kwehuwandu hweklorini, chlorinated rubber haizopisa.Naizvozvo, chinhu chakakosha mbishi chekugadzira moto-uchapupu uye pendi isingadziviriri.Pendi iyi yakashandiswa zvakanyanya mukugadzira petroleum refineries.Panyaya yezvinonamira, chlorinated rabha haisati yashandiswa seyakazvimiririra firimu-inogadzira mumiriri, asi sechinhu chekuwedzera.Inoshandiswa kuvandudza zvinhu zvekunamira senge chloroprene rubber, nitrile rubber uye polyurethane.Kugadziriswa nerabha ine chlorine kunogona kuita kuti aya anonamidzira awedzere kuenderana.Chlorinated rubber muUnited States inonyanya kushandiswa pakupfekedza, iyo 46% ndiyo pendi yemugwagwa, yakasiyana nedzimwe nyika.60% yavo chlorinated rabha pendi inoshandiswa marine pendi.Chlorinated rabha muChina inonyanya kushandiswa pendi yemugungwa, pendi yekumaka pendi, pendi yemidziyo, inki yekuwedzera, pendi yekunze yetangi, pendi yekuvaka uye zvinonamira.

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Nguva yekutumira: Sep-09-2022